Among the new tools is a special site for monitoring elections, the ability to create a digital package and put the signature “Vasya was here” on the “bricks of the blockchain,” one of the developers Artem Kostyrko said
Observers of remote electronic voting in Moscow will have three new control mechanisms, Artem Kostyrko, one of the developers of the Moscow Remote Electronic Voting System (DEV), said at the public election observation headquarters.
The first includes the ability to write your own browser— a special site for monitoring the voting process, where, in particular, in real time you can see the number of ballots received and issued.
“We will lay out a certain technological toolkit, it is called an interface to the blockchain, and we will offer all political parties and everyone who wants to write their own observer … to increase trust and remove questions, we suggest that developers who wish to write the toolkit themselves,”— said Kostyrko.
In the autumn elections to the State Duma, observers noted errors in the work of the observer: according to the data published there, for some period the number of ballots accepted was several times higher than the number of those issued, which in Department of Information Technology (DIT) explained DDoS attacks.
As Artem Kostyrko said at a meeting of the public headquarters, video panels for observation (an observer will be broadcast there) will be placed in all 125 TECs where elections are held.
The second mechanism— the opportunity to make a “digital envelope”, which will make sure that transactions are unchanged, Artem Kostyrko noted. Such tools already exist in the federal system of online voting, but they were not in Moscow.
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Another announced innovation— the ability to record a verification transaction. Unlike the previous two mechanisms, this feature will only be used by professional observers, the exact rules to be settled by the IPCC later, Kostyrko said. In the verification transaction, observers will be able to leave their “footprint”, “signature”, in order to further verify that the blockchain has not changed. In his speech, Kostyrko compared this with the inscriptions on the wall “Here was Vasya, here was Petya”, only on the “bricks” blockchain, and with locks that the newlyweds hang on the bridge.
“You can put your lock in this chain and thus make sure that this transaction does not disappear. Blockchain is designed in such a way that it is a single, inextricable chain— accordingly, on the one hand, observers who monitor that the chain does not change in its volume, on the other & mdash; observers who make sure that specific links in the chain do not disappear, — concluded Kostyrko.
This is just an announcement, so it is still difficult to assess the effectiveness of monitoring mechanisms, electoral expert Grigory Melkonyants noted in a conversation with RBC. “We hope for testing, which will take place at the end of August, then we can already draw a conclusion based on the results. But in general, this is a step towards transparency, the direction is right. It is important that all comers have access to these tools, — said Melkonyants.
Earlier, in the municipal elections in Moscow, they also announced the use of an electronic voter list. It is introduced to reduce errors due to the human factor, the IPCC said. In addition, Muscovites will be able to vote for the first time using scanners and styluses in autumn: the commission will scan the voter's passport, and the voter — subscribe on a special tablet.
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